Temperature: lexical typology and cognition

MARIA KOPTJEVSKAJA-TAMM (STOCKHOLM UNIVERSITY)



5. Other manifestations of the differences among the frames of temperature evaluation

5.1. Asymmetries in the interaction between TEMPERATURE VALUES and KINDS OF TEMPERATURE EVALUATION.

Cf. ‘COLD’ vs. ‘HOT’:

  • Tactile vs. non-tactile:
    ‘hot’, but not in ‘cold’: Russian, Swahili
    ‘cold’, but not in ‘hot’: Hiw (Oceanic), Jucatec Maya, Armenian
  • Additional ‘freeze’-verbs: English, Russian, German, Rumanian, Hungarian…

5.2. Different degrees of elaboration in the subsystems of the temperature expressions for different KINDS OF TEMPERATURE EVALUATION

(8) Georgian (Alexander Rostovcev-Popel’ p.c.)

a. TACTILE:

  • cxeli/tbili/grili/civi kv-eb-i
  • hot/warm/cool/cold stone-PL-NOM
  • ‘hot/warm/cool/cold stones’

b. AMBIENT:

  • dγes/ ak cxel-a / tbil-a / grila-a / civ-a
  • today/here hot-STAT /warm-STAT/cool-STAT /cold-STAT
  • ‘It is hot/warm/cool/cold today/here.

c. PERSONAL:

  • me m-cxel-a /*m-tbil-a /*m-gril-a /m-civ-a
  • I o1-hot-STAT/*o1-warm-STAT/* o1-cool-STAT/o1-cold-STAT
  • ‘I am feeling hot/*warm/*cool/cold’.

5.3. Different restrictions on modificational constructions (cf. hot coffee, hot weather vs. a hot man/ child)