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dictionnaire:the_morphology_of_classical_latin4 [2015/10/28 20:03]
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dictionnaire:the_morphology_of_classical_latin4 [2016/01/27 18:00] (Version actuelle)
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 Superlatives with //maxime// correspond to comparatives with //magis//: //maxime pius// “very pious”, //maxime arduus// “most high”, and //maxime idoneus// “most suitable“. Irregular superlatives correspond to irregular comparatives: //optim-us// “best” (//melior, bon-us//), //pes-sim-us// “worst” (//pē-ior, mal-us//), //maxim-us// “greatest” (//mā-ior, magn-us//), //minim-us// “least” (//minor, paru-us//), //plūrim-ī// “most” (//plūr-ēs, mult-ī//). Superlatives with //maxime// correspond to comparatives with //magis//: //maxime pius// “very pious”, //maxime arduus// “most high”, and //maxime idoneus// “most suitable“. Irregular superlatives correspond to irregular comparatives: //optim-us// “best” (//melior, bon-us//), //pes-sim-us// “worst” (//pē-ior, mal-us//), //maxim-us// “greatest” (//mā-ior, magn-us//), //minim-us// “least” (//minor, paru-us//), //plūrim-ī// “most” (//plūr-ēs, mult-ī//).
-Compounds in //-dic-us// “saying” and //-uol-us// “willing” form their superlatives and comparatives from some corresponding participles //dīcens// and //uolens//: //male-dic-us// “slanderous”, //male-dīcent-issim-us//, //male-dīcent-ior//; //male-vol-us// “spiteful”, //male-uolent-issim-us//, //male-uolent-ior//. These words were analyzed with an allomorph of the comparative //-entiōr-// and the superlative //-entissim-us//, appropriate to compounds. Thus, some compounds in //-fic-us//, like //magni-fic-us// “grand”, have //magni-fic-entior// as comparative, and //magni-fic-entissim-us// as superlative.        +Compounds in //-dic-us// “saying” and //-uol-us// “willing” form their superlatives and comparatives from some corresponding participles //dīcens// and //uolens//: //male-dic-us// “slanderous”, //male-dīcent-issim-us//, //male-dīcent-ior//; //male-vol-us// “spiteful”, //male-uolent-issim-us//, //male-uolent-ior//. These words were analyzed with an allomorph of the comparative //-entiōr-// and the superlative //-entissim-us//, appropriate to compounds. Thus, some compounds in //-fic-us//, like //magni-fic-us// “grand”, have //magni-fic-entior// as comparative, and //magni-fic-entissim-us// as superlative.  
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 +[[:encyclopédie_linguistique:notions_linguistiques:morphologie:The morphology_of_classical Latin|Retour au plan]] ou  
 +[[:dictionnaire: The morphology of classical latin5|Aller au § 5.]]